Teaching of English at St Nics
At St Nics we focus our daily whole class English lessons around a range of quality books, putting reading at the very centre of our English curriculum. We have carefully developed a writing book spine, which ensures that the books are wide ranging, inclusive, diverse and high quality. In addition, we believe that it is important for children to develop their own writing voice, encouraging them to apply their writing skills and knowledge within pieces that speak about their own lives and experiences. Through the year, children have opportunities to apply their knowledge of writing genres to areas that matter to them.
We recognize the importance of developing a joy of reading and writing, whilst ensuring children have strong technical skills in both areas, in order that children can become successful and interested readers and writers. Our aim is for our children to love reading and writing, developing strong technical writing skills to help them express themselves well.
Children learn to read and write through a strong focus on phonics, learning sounds, blending to read and segmenting to spell These are taught within our daily Rocket Phonics sessions in Reception and Key Stage 1.
We place high importance on speaking and listening, taking opportunities to discuss issues, give children opportunities to express themselves in different context, think through problems and broaden their vocabulary.
Through our daily, discrete Rocket Phonics sessions in Reception and Key Stage One, we systematically teach the phonics code children need to learn to read and write. In addition to teaching them the phonic code in a systematic manner, this provides the children with valuable additional reading practice of fully decodable and wonderfully diverse and interesting texts at their level, whilst helping them to secure the decoding skills they need at an early stage. Rocket Phonics values a whole class, rather than a group approach, keeping children together, with early identification of those who are at risk of falling behind who receive additional phonics input. It also places a strong focus on building segmenting skills for spelling alongside learning the sounds, which helps ensure children gain real confidence when starting to write. A guide to how Rocket Phonics works can be found at the end of this section, together with our Phonics policy and additional phonics information.
Through a real focus on reading, we have achieved very strong phonics check results, gaining 100% pass rate in 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2021 and 93% post COVID in June 2022. Part of our success has been placing learning to read at the very heart of our approach, making an early identification of those who might need extra support, using daily, focussed short burst 1:1 phonics interventions for those who need to gain confidence and make catch up progress, alongside focussing on the joy of reading and sharing books.
Writing and Writing Lessons
Each term we have clear writing focusses and aims, with children writing for a clear purpose for a known audience, in order to bring meaning and purpose to their writing. Children are taught how to write in different genres and for different purposes, exploring texts, experimenting and benefiting from strong modelling from teachers. They may, for example, write a diary entry written in role as Hermelin from the wonderful picturebook of the same name, in order to entertain the existing readers of this popular story, or write a persuasive piece to win over prospective residents of our local area about a specific issue. We look for meaningful purposes to write, with the aim of helping children to see the powerful effects of the written word, drawing meaningful links from across the curriculum.
Within phonics sessions and writing lessons, the children use phonics to segment to spell words, in line with synthetic phonics, segmenting words carefully to spell them accurately (cat, c- a- t). Children are trained to independently access Rocket Phonics sounds mats to help them in their writing, alongside the use of common exception word mats, which support children in their writing of tricky words. These words are taught to children in their phonics and English lesson, with the tricky parts identified, to help them learn to read and write them effectively. Once they have completed their learning of the phonics code, they continue to work on their spelling and grammar through a focus on spelling patterns and other conventions.
Our writing progression document can be found at the end of this section.
Throughout Key Stage One and Lower Key Stage Two, the children undertake regular handwriting practice to help them to take pride in their presentation, gaining the knowledge of how to present their work well. In Reception and continuing into Year 1, the children learn the basic letter formation. Most children progress to beginning to join within the first two terms of Year 2, when they have shown they are ready. Most children are joining most letters by the time they leave Year 2. Children who need more support in this, benefit from personalized learning sessions to give them some additional help. Our handwriting policy (found at the end of this section) is inclusive
Spelling and Grammar
Both as part of our English lessons and through discreet technical skills lessons we focus on the technical aspects of writing the children need. In addition to the word lists within the National Curriculum, as a school, we have a range of MUST words for each group, in order to ensure children have secured the spelling of a range of common words. They use these word list when editing their own work.
Once children have shown they are secure in Phase 5 phonics, they move onto daily spelling and grammar lessons. In Year 2 they follow the Rocket Phonics Phonics and spelling programme, before moving onto the Vale Academy Trust spelling programme in Key Stage 2.
Our Approach to Reading
Daily Reading Out Loud
Every teacher reads daily out loud to their class, using a book spine of longer books and picturebooks right through the school from nursery to Year 6. The books we choose help the children to see themselves and also looking into lives and experiences of others. We use a diverse range of inclusive books that interest and challenge the children.
Reading for Pleasure
We consider reading for pleasure as a central core of our reading approach, helping children to see the joy in exploring and sharing quality books. Alongside daily reading and sharing of books in the classroom, we also have regular events such as the Bears and Books at Bedtime, where children return to school in their pajamas and with cuddly toys, to enjoy listening to bedtime stories. In previous Reading Café events, children have shared and explored our wonderful new book purchases, and for the last three years each child has enjoyed receiving a gift of a specially chosen pre-loved book from their class teacher as a Christmas present.
Alongside this, we have a reading for pleasure school book spine, which are a specially curated list of diverse and inclusive books for classroom book corners. We have bought a significant number of these books already, but would welcome St Nic's family members donating a book, if they so wish, from our wish list https://amzn.eu/eCJ6pSi
The full Reading for Pleasure book spine can be seen at the bottom of the page. Alongside their individual reading books, targeted at their specific level, children are encouraged to choose an additional book of their choice to share at home. Fortnightly class visits to our own school library ensures that children have a wide range of fiction, non fiction, comics and poetry to choose from.
In order to support families further, each month we send out a Reading for Pleasure magazine, with suggestions of new diverse and interesting books for each year group to borrow or buy and share at home, alongside author spotlight interviews on diverse and interesting authors and illustrators. We have many of these books, which can be lent out to those at St Nics who wish to try them.
Click on the link below to view more about how we foster reading for pleasure at St Nics and to view the monthly St Nic's Reading for Pleasure magazine.
Supporting Children's Reading At Home
Learning to read is a partnership between school and home and it is vitally important that children read out loud every day at home, as well as sharing books and a wide range of reading material in order to develop a love of reading through sharing books and being read to. Here at St Nic's we believe all children can become strong, confident and engaged readers and we aim to share the pleasure of reading with children both in school and at home. The parents' reading guide at the bottom of the page gives you information on our reading approach and how you can support your child with reading at home.
In the early years, children have a combination of whole class reading and group reading, so they can develop vital comprehension skills, whilst securing their ability to decode and understand the words on the page. As children progress through the school, we focus more on whole class reading, with children exploring and deepening their understanding of the books we read together. We have carefully developed a reading spine of high quality books and poems that ensure children are reading and exploring a wide range of texts of different genres and from different time periods.
We teach comprehension skills explicitly through our reading lessons, using the Reading for Meaning Grid throughout the school, so there is consistency of approach and children become familiar with the terms.
Reading Progression Through the School
In Key Stage One we use the book band system to match the children’s reading level to individual reading books, making sure that these are phonically decodable and matched to the sounds children have learned until the full phonic code is taught. Alongside this, children take home an additional book of their choice to enjoy sharing at home. This might be a picture book, non fiction book, or even a joke book or comic. In addition, children in Key Stage One also have weekly opportunities to do a group read, which allows time for more discussion around the texts.
When children enter Key Stage Two, they move to the Accelerated Reader programme, which allows us to accurately matching their reading ability with a range of appropriate book choices. This programme gives children a reading range and ensures children are able to read a wide range of quality books. This is not a reading scheme as such, as AR gives a huge variety of children’s books a specific level, based on the complexity and length of words and sentences, so the children are able to enjoy the authors they love whilst reading books within their range. Below is a parents' Powerpoint giving more information about the AR reading system.
Reading for Meaning Grid and Bookmarks
As part of our approach to Reading for Meaning and to support the use of the Reading for Meaning Grid within our reading lessons, we have created Reading for Meaning Bookmarks, which support children's reading through prompt questions under the Reading for Meaning skill headings. These are designed to be used by all adults who hear children read, helping to ensure a consistency of approach and support development of the individual reading skills. Below is a powerpoint, which gives more information about the Reading for Meaning approach and the new bookmarks.
Speaking and Listening
Our Speaking and Listening Progression document gives further information on our intent, implementation and impact for speaking and listening.